The Spice island of Zanzibar lies off the coast of Tanzania. Zanzibar's history was shaped by its geographical position - right in the middle of the Indian Ocean trade routes, accessible to both traders and colonists, this ancient Oman’s sultanate became a powerful city-state, supplying parts of the world with slaves, gold, ivory and wood. It was also the base from which the great African explorers as David Livingstone, Richard Burton and John Hanning Speke, conducted their campaign on the « dark and unknown continent ».
Today Zanzibar, combines miles of white sandy palm fringed beaches and coves with ancient Islamic ruins and noble Arabic houses. The Stone Town, listed on the World Heritage list in the year 2000, retains its urban fabric virtually intact, which reflect its particular culture, the unique architecture that fuses Arabic, Indian, European and African influences.